subscribes to an affective/cognitive view that takes into account
both thoughts and feelings in explaining human behavior. C.B.S.I.
also endorses the view that people act with free will but perceive
choices and options that are not only limited by what they know
and believe (consciously and unconsciously) but are unconsciously
influenced by the way they think. Both positive and negative
feelings associated with specific situations and ideas have a
spontaneous (and often subtle) influence on the way people
perceive themselves, their world, and their choices. While people
have a sense that they are rational beings and believe that they
know the reasons for doing what they do, their understandings of
their thoughts and feelings are often limited and inaccurate.
Therapy and counseling assist people in part by helping them get
past their faulty thinking and the influence of feelings that
interfere with their ability to approach things in a more adaptive
Papers, some in preparation for publication, that
explore these issues.